sinecine ISSN: 1309-5838

Representation of Ethnic and Religious Identities in Turkish Cinema After 1990

Abstract

During the 1990s in Turkey, the advent of new directors in the film-making industry and the sociopolitical transformation of the times led to a variety of problems and themes in Turkish cinema. It became possible to make films in which anti-Muslim minorities and Kurdish identities, misrepresented by clichés or totally ignored in the past, were faithfully portrayed and the discrimination and assimilation processes that had previously occurred became apparent. By means of an analysis of Güz Sancısı and Fırtına, this study explores what these films say about Kurdish, Greek, and Turkish national identities, and asks if these films represent the dominant state discourse while questioning processes of discrimination and assimilation. It also examines the strategies and narrative codes that were used to fictionalize the historical process and the identification and exclusion mechanisms that were used to construct the different identities.

Keywords: Identity, social trauma, minority, representation, identification.